First of all, it’s extremely important to receive consent from the person to whom you need to give care. However, if that person is unconscious or cannot move their limbs to give consent, you do not always have to obtain consent – but you always need to try.
If you are under pressure, it can be tricky to give effective CPR. Always check to see if there is a medical professional present before giving emergency medical care. When there is no medical professional available, remember to try to obtain consent, call 911, and rely on your training to help you assist the person in need.
When you think someone may have a concussion, give them the best assistance that you can. Check their pupils for dilation. See if they can speak coherently and ask them if they’re experiencing dizziness. If any of these symptoms are present, and even if they aren’t present but you’re concerned, seek care from a medical professional.
First, give back blows to the person and then perform the Heimlich maneuver. Remember, you should obtain consent from the choking person if you can and always have someone else call 911 for help while you are giving first aid.
For a minor burn, apply a topical burn cream and cover the area with loose gauze. More serious second-degree burns should be run under cool water before applying cream and covering with gauze. Third-degree burns are extremely serious and must be treated by a medical professional. To treat the burn at home first, follow the same steps that you would for a second-degree burn.
First, move the person who fainted so that they are on their back. Check to make sure that they are breathing. If they are, then you should raise their legs above their heart level, which is about 1 foot. If they are wearing any constrictive clothing like belts or tight collars, loosen that clothing. If you checked and the individual wasn’t breathing, then you should immediately have someone call 911. Then, begin giving CPR.